By Jibrin Ibrahim
Ibrahim deals a comparative learn of the democratic transitions within the Anglophone nations of West Africa, determining nearby tendencies and discreet elements. He argues that democracy is creeping up the time table, because of a detremined fight for human rights and since democracy has been denied to the folks for thus lengthy. He identifies a few universal concerns around the quarter: the increase of a militarised secular country; an important bring up in public corruption; the primitive accumulation of capital; an extreme conflict to deepen democracy among civil society and the kingdom; the appropriation of gender poltiics via the nation during the place of work of the 'first ladies'; and the turning out to be dissidence among elections and political selection. The learn additionally addresses what will be thought of an appropriate nearby version in Ghana, and an unacceptable instance in Liberia.
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One of the high points in that struggle was in January 1977 when there were rumours that President Stevens had stolen $40 million from the state treasury. While reading his speech at the convocation ceremony at the university, the students’ union organised a demonstration. The government responded by arresting student leaders and organising its own counter-demonstration with the help of young party thugs. Student protests continued however, and government action led to the death of forty students in Freetown.
These were in addition to the formally constituted security agencies — mainly, the State Security Service and the National Intelligence Agency. At the state level, military governors established their own ‘terrorist units’ — Lagos State (Operation Sweep), Ogun State (Operation Wedge), Oyo State (Operation Gbole), Imo State (Operation Storm), Rivers State (Operation Wipe-out), Adamawa State (Operation Zaki), and Bauchi State (Operation Kwanta Kwanta). These were operations directed at terrorising the population and carrying out very high levels of extrajudicial killings (CDHR 1997:5).
Yusuf, who was systematically refused security permits to hold meetings and rallies. At the Maiduguri Convention of 19 April, Abacha was declared winner of the nomination over Yusuf with 1,368 to 408 votes, after the police had been called in ‘to restore order’ and the Chairman of the Convention Committee, Alhaji Isiaku Ibrahim, had resigned in protest. The following day, the Transition Implementation Committee 41 announced that an election would no longer be necessary since all the parties had opted for Abacha.