Contemporary Metaethics: An Introduction (2nd Edition) by Alexander Miller

By Alexander Miller

Publish yr note: First released March twelfth 2013 via Polity Press
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This new edition of Alexander Miller's hugely readable advent to modern metaethics presents a severe assessment of the most arguments and subject matters in 20th- and twenty-first-century modern metaethics. Miller strains the advance of up to date debates in metaethics from their beginnings within the paintings of G. E. Moore as much as the newest arguments among naturalism and non-naturalism, cognitivism and non-cognitivism.

From Moore's assault on moral naturalism, A. J. Ayer's emotivism and Simon Blackburn's quasi-realism to anti-realist and top opinion debts of ethical fact and the non-reductionist naturalism of the 'Cornell realists', this ebook addresses all of the key theories and concepts during this box. in addition to revisiting the complete terrain with revised and up-to-date publications to additional examining, Miller additionally introduces significant new sections at the innovative fictionalism of Richard Joyce and the hermeneutic fictionalism of Mark Kalderon.

The new version will stay crucial interpreting for college kids, academics philosophers with an curiosity in modern metaethics.

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Extra resources for Contemporary Metaethics: An Introduction (2nd Edition)

Sample text

If I say ‘Stealing money is wrong’ and someone else says ‘Stealing money is not wrong’, isn’t this a case of us contradicting each other? And how can we make sense of this except by seeing the judgements we make as true or false: we contradict each other because if what I say is true, what the other person says is false, and vice versa. Ayer realizes that this model of moral disagreement is only available to the cognitivist, and rejects it: When someone disagrees with us about the moral value of a certain action or type of action, we do admittedly resort to argument in order to win him over to our way of thinking.

4. 9 Further Reading The following surveys of recent and contemporary metaethics may be found useful: Sayre-McCord (1986); Darwall, Gibbard and Railton (1992); Little (1994a, 1994b); Railton (1996a). A nice book that may ease readers unfamiliar with metaethics into the present text is Fisher (2011). For those entirely new to philosophical ethics, Blackburn (2001) and Shafer-Landau (2003a) are excellent and concise introductions. Benn (1998) and Kirchin (2012) are also useful. Useful collections of essays on the metaethical topics covered in this book are Fisher and Kirchin (2006), and Shafer-Landau and Cuneo (2007).

Ayer realizes that this model of moral disagreement is only available to the cognitivist, and rejects it: When someone disagrees with us about the moral value of a certain action or type of action, we do admittedly resort to argument in order to win him over to our way of thinking. But we do not attempt to show by our arguments that he has the ‘wrong’ ethical feeling towards a situation whose nature he has correctly apprehended. … It is because argument fails us when we come to deal with pure questions of value, as distinct from questions of fact, that we finally resort to mere abuse.

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