Conflict And the Refugee Experience: Flight, Exile, And by Assefaw Bariagaber

By Assefaw Bariagaber

Some of the most severe threats to peace, safety and the sovereignty of countries within the post-Cold struggle period is inhabitants migration. a very unstable kind of this probability is the worldwide refugee challenge and nowhere is that this factor extra serious than in Africa. This e-book bargains a accomplished research of refugee adventure within the Horn of Africa. It comprises an exam of the dynamics of flight from the rustic of beginning, cost in exile and repatriation to the rustic of foundation. Such an integrative technique units this ebook except different reviews and may function a reader for classes on ethno-national conflicts, migration, overseas politics, safeguard and African politics.

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The roots conflicts in the Horn of Africa, however, included elite–sponsored exclusionary ethnic politics, and refugees, more often than not, were members of suspect groups. Moreover, there was no concerted effort by the international community to bring the conflict to a close similar to the role it played during the struggle against the vicious regimes in the former Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa, and the anachronistic Portuguese colonial rule. The second type of conflicts occurred within independent countries of Africa and is closely related, but not identical, to the conflicts in the Horn of Africa.

Hence, the colonized, as well as the oppressed in both apartheid South Africa and the former Rhodesia, had established grand, multi–ethnic coalitions in their struggle for independence, and all Africans were targets regardless of their ethnic background. 24 Conflict and the Refugee Experience Central Africa, as ethnicity, especially in the latter, had been central to the conflict (Newbury 1997). But this is a recent phenomenon. In the Horn of Africa, on the other hand, ethnicity had remained salient in the evolution of the conflicts for a much longer period.

The fact that there are disparate groups in Ethiopia does not make it terribly different from other societies, especially in Africa. However, its incessant drive for centralization, uniformity, and homogeneity in an otherwise plural society, with no net benefit to the peripheral peoples in return, was bound to fail. Thus, in the 1970s, the once dormant ethnic and national attachments were rekindled, and this made it 14 See, for example, Habte Selassie 1980, 56. 15 Acute refugee movements are large scale, wave–like refugee movements, where the ‘push’ factor is overwhelming.

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