By Jean-Paul Sartre
Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism is a vintage critique of France's guidelines in Algeria within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties and encouraged a lot next writing on colonialism, post-colonialism, politics, and literature. It contains Sartre's celebrated preface to Fanon's vintage Wretched of the Earth. Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism had a profound impression on French highbrow lifestyles, inspiring many different influential French thinkers and critics of colonialism reminiscent of Jean-Francois Lyotard, Frantz Fanon, Pierre Bourdieu and Jacques Derrida.
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Unwelcome and attacked everywhere – insidiously in Algeria, violently in Morocco – the offices remain inoperative. On that basis all reforms are ineffective. In particular, they cost a lot. They are too expensive for mainland France, and the colons in Algeria have neither the means nor the will to finance them. To provide schooling for everybody – a reform often proposed – would cost 500 billion old francs (calculating the yearly cost per pupil at 32,000 francs). Now the total revenue of Algeria is 300 billion.
Four walls of dried mud, some bread, some figs, ten hours of work a day: here the wages are plainly the minimum necessary to recuperate the strength to work. That is the picture. Can we at least find some compensation for this poverty systematically created by European usurpers in those benefits which are termed not directly measurable, public works and improvement schemes, sanitation, education? If we had this consolation, perhaps we could maintain some hope. Perhaps some judiciously chosen reforms … But no, the system is pitiless.
To whom will he sell? To the people of mainland France. And what can he sell without an industry? Food products and raw materials. This time, under the aegis of Minister Ferry and the theoretician Leroy-Beaulieu, colonial status is established. And what are the ‘sacrifices’ that the State makes to the colonist, to this man, the darling of gods and exporters? The answer is simple: it sacrifices the property of the Muslims to him. Because it so happens that, in fact, the natural produce of the colonized country grows on the land and that this land belongs to the ‘indigenous’ population.