Colonial Land Policies in Palestine 1917-1936 by Martin Bunton

By Martin Bunton

During this ebook, Martin Bunton makes a speciality of the way the Palestine Mandate was once a part of a broader British imperial management - a truth frequently masked by means of Jewish immigration and land buy in Palestine. His meticulous examine unearths transparent hyperlinks to colonial perform in India, Sudan, and Cyprus among different locations. He argues that land officers' perspectives on sound land administration have been derived from their very own stories of rural England, and that this was once way more influential at the shaping of land regulations than the promise of a Jewish nationwide domestic. Bunton unearths how the British have been rationale on protecting the established order of Ottoman land legislations, which (when few Britons may perhaps learn Ottoman or have been good grounded in its felony codes) resulted in a sequence of translations, interpretations, and for this reason new functions of land legislation. The experience of significance the British attributed to their paintings surveying and registering homes and transactions, is captured within the efforts of British officers to microfilm all in their documents on the top of the second one global battle. regardless of this despite the fact that, land rules remained in flux.

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76 Minute sheets, ‘Land Transfer Ordinance’, CO 733/7, 399. See also comments by Sir John Shuckburgh before the Permanent Mandate Commission of the League of Nations, 9 June 1938. 74 22 Introduction 2. L AND AND THE COLONIAL STATE When a military occupation was established under the title of Occupied Enemy Territory Administration in the course of the First World War, British officers exercised direct rule. The League of Nations did not get around to ratifying Britain as mandatory power until 1923, but the administration of the territory passed in 1920 to a civil government, to the high commissioner in Jerusalem and the senior officers of government (mostly ex-army officers who had arrived as part of the military regime).

2 vols. , 1926). 6 Eugene L. Rogan, Frontiers of the State in the Late Ottoman Empire: Transjordan, 1850–1921 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 4 –5. ), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300 –1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 856. 9 By documenting the active participation of individuals in the official land registration process, these studies have gone some distance in revising earlier judgements that described widespread manipulation by powerful individuals playing on the peasantry’s fear of how taxation and conscription could be facilitated by registration.

An attempt is made to untangle colonial land policies by specifically addressing the utilitarian set of expectations which colonial officials themselves held about the proper role secure and individual property rights were expected to play. Each component of these expectations is dealt with individually, chapter by chapter. They include: identifying and protecting the public domain; lowering transaction costs and facilitating the transfer of land to its highest value use; providing and securing of agricultural credit; ensuring the proper and efficient taxation of immovable property; and encouraging private enterprise and development.

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