By Ulrich Lüttge (auth.), Prof. Dr. Ulrich Lüttge (eds.)
Clusia is the single dicotyledonous tree genus with crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), and on occasion all versions of CAM might be expressed in a single given species. those distinct beneficial properties in addition to Clusia's severe flexibility have positioned it within the limelight of overseas examine. The stories provided during this quantity embody anatomy, morphology and plant structure, phytogeographical distribution and group ecology, phylogeny and genetic variety, body structure and metabolism, physiological ecology and sensible range, circadian rhythmicity and organic timing. masking all facets of tree biology, this richly illustrated quantity is a useful resource of data for any plant scientist.
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Extra info for Clusia: A Woody Neotropical Genus of Remarkable Plasticity and Diversity
Moreover, the fact that this locally abundant plant is performing CAM makes this a vegetation of great interest as regards patterns of carbon sequestration: while the CAM canopy cover of Clusia confers night assimilation of carbon, the C3 cover provided by the other shrubs assimilates carbon during the day time. g. 5 mmol CO2 m–2 day–1 and the model community exclusively with CAM did not develop the capacity to recycle CO2 from plant and soil respiration (Rascher et al. 2006). Thus, unlike most vegetation types of the world, this restinga might sequester significant amounts of carbon on a 24-h basis.
9), the different photosynthetic physiotypes (Chap. 8) and biochemical reactions of CAM (Chap. 8). Morphological diversity and plasticity are given by expression of different life forms. Seeds of given species of Clusia can facultatively germinate both terrestrially and epiphytically in small accumulations of humus in forks of tree branches, within the tanks of bromeliads and in epiphyte nests (Figs. 4). Terrestrial seedlings directly develop free standing shrubs and trees (Fig. 4). Epiphytic seedlings produce many adventitious aerial roots.
Dimensions were measured in leaves of C. rosea sampled in the field and in C. rosea, C. minor and C. 2). Leaves of seedlings of C. rosea were thinner than those of mature plants and in the latter sun exposed leaves were thicker than shaded leaves. e. 2). Dimensions are also presented for C. 2 because these authors do not separate epidermis and hypodermis. The high degree of vacuolization of the mesophyll cells with only a thin layer of cytoplasm along the walls seen in Fig. 2 is typical of CAM performing leaves.