By Jeff C Pratt
Political hobbies the world over have such assorted features and goals that it truly is tough to check them as a collective workforce. activities which are class-based are typically portrayed as shaped through monetary different types of individuals pushed through fabric pursuits. against this the research of ethnic or nationalist pursuits has targeting the complexities of id formation inside of culturally outlined groups pushed via powerful passions. during this strange e-book, Jeff Pratt argues for the necessity to arrange a brand new analytical framework that extends the learn of identification formation, and the ethnographic research of monetary and social approaches, to all political events. developing a brand new analytical framework, he argues that political procedures contain associated elements: a 'discourse' (an identification narrative which positions us inside of social historical past) and a 'movement' (the means of association wherein neighborhood social divisions are reworked by means of their incorporation right into a wider movement). He illustrates his arguments with a bright mixture of case experiences from around the final century together with Basque nationalism, Andalusian anarchism, Italian communism, the break-up of Yugoslavia, to the 'newer' political routine in Europe, in French Occitania and the Italian Lega Nord. �Read more...
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Additional resources for Class, nation, and identity : the anthropology of political movements
Breaches of factory rules led to fines, threatening forms of disobedience to dismissal. Work rates were increased and lines speeded up, while major re-structuring was normally accompanied (then as now) by mass lay-offs and the re-hiring of labour under new terms and conditions. Neither solidarity nor competition are conferred by the facts of economic organisation alone; solidarity also has to be constructed as a political project, on the basis of a particular understanding and vision, in the face of very real divisions and opposition.
The theme is discussed in relation to the theoretical contribution of the Ordine Nuovo group in Turin, which Passerini argues (1979: 95) did not succeed in solving two major problems: first, how to keep the balance between the appeal to contemporary values and the need to overthrow the existing order, and second, how to avoid reducing the concept of producer to that of professional worker, thus forgetting the needs of the increasing masses of the unskilled. At issue here is also the concept of alienation.
But the social world of towns like Sesto was doubly new. Even while the industrialists were assembling and disciplining a factory labour force, the workers developed aspirations for a further transformation of production and of society. The ferment of 1920 shows that this was a personal aspiration to be realised in the imminent future, or at least in the lifetimes of the workers – not something for an unknown future generation. Passerini brings out very clearly the tensions that this ‘doubly new’ reality created in one crucial field: the ideology of work.