By Zhuangzi, A. C. Graham
Author note: Translated through A. C. Graham
The internal Chapters are the oldest items of the bigger choice of writings via numerous fourth, 3rd, and moment century B.C. authors that represent the vintage of Taoism, the Chuang-Tzu (or Zhuangzi). it truly is this center of historical writings that's ascribed to Chuang-Tzu himself.
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Extra resources for Chuang-Tzu: The Inner Chapters
So must the other chapters which are single essays (chapters 15, 16 and 33), and any episode extracted from chapters which are miscellanea; everything translated must have its entire identifiable context. (2) The reader must be informed of what is specific to the thought of Chuang-tzŭ, the Primitivist, the Yangists, and the Syncretists, so that he can distinguish them and find his way around them. (3) Only the chapters which are true essays (such as the Primitivist’s) should be treated as consecutive paragraphed 63 prose.
In the not infrequent cases of sentences of uneven length which are rhymed but by every other criterion are prose, this defence is quite reasonable. But we also have verse interludes in the four-word measures of the old Book of songs, which interrupt the linear development of the thought to allow interactions between parallel members of a couplet or between corresponding lines in successive quatrains. Unless spaced out line by line these will appear as soggy patches in the prose where Chuang-tzŭ seems to have forgotten what he is talking about.
92 The irony is especially acute in the case of Chuang-tzŭ, a master of rhapsodic prose, sophisticated argument, aphorism, anecdote, and gnomic verse, who professes a boundless scepticism as to the possibility of ever saying anything. On closer inspection the joke loses most of its point. Taoists are trying to communicate a knack, an aptitude, a way of living, and when the carpenter tells Duke Huan that he cannot put into words how much pressure to exert in chiselling wood we both understand and agree.