China and Japan in the Late Meiji Period: China Policy and by Urs Matthias Zachmann

By Urs Matthias Zachmann

The first struggle among China and Japan in 1894/95 used to be some of the most fateful occasions, not just in smooth jap and chinese language background, yet in foreign heritage besides. The struggle and next occasions catapulted Japan on its trajectory towards transitority hegemony in East Asia, while China entered a protracted interval of household unrest and overseas intervention. Repercussions of those advancements will be nonetheless felt, particularly within the mutual perceptions of chinese language and jap buyers. although, regardless of massive scholarship on Sino-Japanese family members, the complicated query is still how the japanese perspective precisely replaced after the effective victory in 1895 over its former position version and competitor.

This ebook examines the transformation of Japan’s angle towards China as much as the time of the Russo-Japanese struggle (1904/5), while the mental framework during which destiny Chinese-Japanese family members labored reached its erstwhile final touch. It exhibits the transformation strategy via an in depth analyzing of assets, lots of that's brought to the scholarly dialogue for the 1st time. Zachmann demonstrates how smooth Sino-Japanese attitudes have been formed via a mess of things, household and overseas, and, in flip, knowledgeable Japan’s direction in foreign politics.

Winner of the JaDe Prize 2010 presented by means of the German origin for the promoting of Japanese-German tradition and technology Relations

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Extra info for China and Japan in the Late Meiji Period: China Policy and the Japanese Discourse on National Identity, 1895-1904 (Routledge Leiden Series in Modern East Asian Politics and History)

Sample text

117 However, this, too, is not so surprising. After all, Western ‘orientalist’ discourse was known well enough in Japan. Articles such as Hinohara Sho-zo-’s ‘Japan must not be an Oriental country’ or Fukuzawa’s ‘On leaving Asia behind’ (which must be seen as a short version of Hinohara’s article118) are troubled accounts of these. 119 After all, Western ideological images of the ‘Orient’ had the same structure and strategic function vis-à-vis Asian countries. Finally, Japan’s image of China most strikingly illustrates how profoundly the presence of a Western spectator affected Japan’s attitude towards China in substance.

Oriental’ China Considering the above antagonism, it is only natural to assume that the same would translate into a politicized image of China, which showed its greatest contrast and brilliance in times when political tension was at its highest. ’ In the following decade of relative tranquility, this image receded somewhat into the background, but returned with full vengeance in the Sino Japanese War. ’112 This definition describes China in the Tokugawa and early Meiji period 27 very well the structure and strategic function of China’s image in the course of the Sino Japanese conflict.

9 The rapidity with which the public frenzy was rekindled indicates, on the one hand, that the subject of Sino Japanese rivalry had lain dormant in the public consciousness for a decade, but only in a light slumber. 10 Considering the bare events directly leading up to the Sino Japanese War, one is at first at a loss to see what exactly incensed the Japanese public about China’s actions. 13 Accordingly, Katsunan summarized the Imperial Declaration of War as follows: ‘The Emperor of the Japanese Empire, in order to protect the rights of the Empire, establish Korea’s independence and maintain peace throughout East Asia, hereby declares war upon China.

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