By Nigel Cave, Visit Amazon's Jack Horsfall Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jack Horsfall,
Cambrai is finest for the tank conflict which came about in 1917. even supposing at first winning it quickly grew to become disastrous, and, as on different events in the course of the struggle, the world replaced arms again and again. Illustrated with then and now images, this e-book unravels the historical past of the realm for these both vacationing or exploring it from their armchairs.
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Extra info for CAMBRAI: HINDENBURG LINE (Battleground Europe. Hindenburg Line)
For the ﬁrst two years of the war, servicemen discharged because of prewar illnesses were denied pensions. Despite evidence to the contrary, Chelsea’s medical boards nearly always dismissed certain categories of disease, primary among them tu- Cohen_001_192 6/28/01 2:37 PM Page 25 A Voluntary Peace 25 berculosis and rheumatism, as preexisting conditions, a prejudice that left men whose bodies had broken down in the waist-deep muck of the trenches without any claim on the state. In June 1916, largely in response to the public outcry, a Royal Warrant introduced a new category for illnesses “aggravated” by military service, which were to be compensated by an award equal to four-ﬁfths of the pension normally granted for the condition.
Citing the difﬁculty in placing men in improverships and employment, the Ministry of Labour closed the waiting list for training in September 1921, with an estimated 100,000 disabled ex-servicemen unemployed. 64 The civil servants who made policy in the Ministry of Pensions viewed it as their duty to avoid those commitments that could be handed over to charitable institutions. 65 As a result, the Ministry of Labour, too, came to depend on voluntary organizations far more than originally planned.
The Coalition government had intended that the local committees survive on voluntary funds that they were to incorporate or collect, a solution that radical members of Parliament, along with the House of Lords, had opposed without success. 26 As Sir Archibald Salvidge, lord mayor of Liverpool, declared, “It was the sacred duty of the State to make adequate provision for all such cases. . ”27 Faced with widespread dissension, Parliament granted the Statutory Committee a million pounds on the condition that Local Committees also solicit donations and draw on county funds.