By D. Antoinette Handy
The 1st version of Black ladies in American Bands & Orchestras (a selection extraordinary educational booklet in 1982) used to be lauded for offering entry to fabric unavailable in the other resource. To replace and extend the 1st variation, convenient has revised the profiles of individuals featured within the first version, corrected omissions, and additional own and profession proof for brand new faces at the scene. Profiles are offered less than the headings of orchestras and orchestra leaders, string avid gamers, wind and percussion avid gamers, keyboard gamers, and non-playing orchestra/band associates. beneficial properties a hundred photos.
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But band interest extended beyond the military, as professional and amateur bands began to appear all over the country. Industrial bands became quite popular. Employers sought workers who could also play a band instrument. By the last decade of the nineteenth century it was not infrequent to see such notices as WANTED: Piccolo, clarinet and saxophone players, who are coal miners, tailors or barbers. Harness Maker who can play anything in brass. Cornetist who is a glass blower. Good Clarinetist who is a competent photographer One of the oldest industrial sponsors was the Pennsylvania Railroad, which sponsored the Altoona Works Band, organized in 1853.
American symphony orchestra historian Philip Hart wrote in 1973: The United States today enjoys an unrivaled quality and quantity of orchestral performance. Though our orchestras have borrowed important aspects of their functions from abroad, . . their institutional structure, artistic and business direction, and the manner in which they both serve and represent the communities in which they perform are uniquely American [Hart, Orpheus in the New World, p. xv]. ; and were providing an increased number of services to their community.
The reasons are understandable: in the early days small units accompanied British troops; American settlers brought to America their instrumental recollections; and outstanding early personalities in America's band history were either English (Thomas Dodworth) or Irish (Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore), or had come under British influence prior to their American arrival (Louis-Antoine Jullien). The first notable American bandwhich is still extantwas The United States Marine Band, organized in 1798. " The oldest civilian concert band (municipal) still performing today was formed in Allentown, Pennsylvania, in 1828, making it second only to the Marine Band in terms of continuous existence.