By Prof. Dr. George A. Olah, Dr. Alain Goeppert, Prof. Dr. G. K. Surya Prakash(auth.)
The global is at the moment eating approximately eighty five million barrels of oil an afternoon, and approximately two-thirds as a lot normal gasoline identical, either derived from non-renewable typical assets. within the foreseeable destiny, our power wishes will come from any to be had exchange resource. Methanol is one such manageable substitute, and likewise bargains a handy answer for effective strength garage on a wide scale.
In this up-to-date and enlarged variation, popular chemists speak about in a transparent and conveniently available demeanour the professionals and cons of humankind's present major strength resources, whereas supplying new how one can triumph over obstacles.
Following an creation, the authors examine the interrelationship of fuels and effort, and on the quantity of our non-renewable fossil fuels. additionally they speak about the hydrogen economic climate and its major shortcomings. the focus is at the conversion of CO2 from commercial in addition to common assets into liquid methanol and similar DME, a diesel gasoline replacement that could exchange LNG and LPG. The booklet is rounded off with an positive examine destiny percentages.
A forward-looking and encouraging paintings that vividly illustrates power strategies to our power and environmental problems.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–10):
Chapter 2 historical past of Coal within the commercial Revolution and past (pages 11–17):
Chapter three background of Petroleum Oil and average gasoline (pages 19–28):
Chapter four Fossil gasoline assets and Their Use (pages 29–53):
Chapter five Diminishing Oil and normal fuel Reserves (pages 55–63):
Chapter 6 the ongoing desire for Carbon Fuels, Hydrocarbons and their items (pages 65–76):
Chapter 7 Fossil Fuels and weather switch (pages 77–89):
Chapter eight Renewable power resources and Atomic strength (pages 91–142):
Chapter nine The Hydrogen economic system and its boundaries (pages 143–178):
Chapter 10 The “Methanol Economy”: normal elements (pages 179–184):
Chapter eleven Methanol and Dimethyl Ether as Fuels and effort providers (pages 185–231):
Chapter 12 construction of Methanol: From Fossil Fuels and Bio?Sources to Chemical Carbon Dioxide Recycling (pages 233–278):
Chapter thirteen Methanol?Based chemical substances, man made Hydrocarbons and fabrics (pages 279–288):
Chapter 14 Conclusions and Outlook (pages 289–295):
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Extra info for Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy, Second Edition
Before the nature of natural gas was understood it posed a mystery to mankind. Sometimes lightning strikes would ignite natural gas that was escaping from the Earths crust; this would create a ﬁre coming from the Earth, burning the natural gas as it seeped out from underground. These ﬁres puzzled most early civilizations, and were the root of much myth and superstition. One of the most famous of these ﬂames was found in ancient Greece, on Mount Parnassus, approximately around 1000 BC. According to the legend, a goat herdsman came across what looked like a burning spring, a ﬂame rising from a ﬁssure in the rock.
Whereas this is still mostly vented to the atmosphere, environmental considerations have begun to force its capture and underground storage, that is, sequestration. Sequestration is presently the only technology considered feasible and is already used in some locations. Today, natural gas is extensively used because of its clean-burning properties and convenience for heating purposes and generation of electricity to replace older and more polluting coal-ﬁred power plants. From an environmental point of view, natural gas is also advantageous because it produces the least amount of CO2 greenhouse gas per unit of energy compared to all other fossil fuels.
In a continuous effort to diminish the environmental impact of coal burning, the development and progressive introduction of new separation technologies applied to existing or new power plants can greatly reduce or nearly eliminate the emissions of SO2, NOx and particulates . Emission regulations for mercury and other impurities present in coal are under evaluation in several nations, including the United States. Most signiﬁcantly, the combustion of coal also generates large amounts of CO2, a harmful greenhouse gas that contributes to a large extent to human-caused global warming.