By Eric Engel Tuten
Tuten shows how the Jewish nationwide Fund (JNF) proved to be versatile in its fundraising to procure its land-purchase targets throughout the moment global War. He offers an in depth exam of the Jewish nationwide Fund's inner improvement and analyses the connection among JNF's funds and land buy priorities. A helpful addition to contemporary re-evaluations of Israeli historical past and associations, this publication should be of curiosity to these learning Palestinian background, Jewish and Israeli historical past and the background of the trendy heart East.
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Extra info for Between Capital and Land: The Jewish National Fund's Finances and Land-Purchase Priorities in Palestine, 1939-1945
Katznelson was more skeptical. ’ He stressed that no one anywhere asked questions about what was Between capital and land 34 happening in Palestine. As a result, Katznelson doubted that the Jews of America would help the JNF in its efforts in Palestine. 46 In the long run, however, the 1940s justified Berlin’s and Ben-Gurion’s optimism about the role of America. Indeed the United States especially increasingly became the greatest contributor (including granting of loans) to JNF efforts in Palestine, overshadowing the contributions and loans from all other English-speaking and non-English speaking countries of the Diaspora.
Therefore, the JNF obviously would not be able to rely as much on credit from banks and private lenders, at least for the duration of the war. Granovsky concluded: If, in fiscal year 1940, the JNF receives an income amounting to £P500,000 net and spends [it] for payments of its [outstanding] obligations (amounting to £P800,000), a burdensome obligation of Preparing for the challenge 27 £P300,000 will still remain—not even taking into account new [land] purchases. 10 Reductions included cutting several of its propaganda publications, ceasing altogether the translation of propaganda publications into other languages for their distribution abroad, and dismissing six ‘temporary’ workers at the Head Agency and in the JNF’s nationwide committee, plus several other reductions that were not delineated.
102 Although the uniqueness of Palestine within the broader context of British (or other) colonial administration should not be overemphasized,103 I argue that the Jewish nationalist and religious dimensions at least need to be mentioned. Overall, British interests in Palestine were largely strategic rather than economic. Smith concludes that the Balfour Declaration of 1917 was not motivated primarily by ‘sentimental and religious sympathies’ but rather by ‘immediate political expediency in the midst of war and longer-term considerations of Britain’s position in the Middle East’ Britain’s main concern was protection of Egypt, and especially the Suez Canal.