By Peter Barton
When the conflict raged throughout Flanders fields, an both scary and infrequently extra harmful conflict happened underground. "Beneath Flanders Fields" tells the tale of the tunnellers' struggle, which nonetheless is still some of the most misunderstood, misrepresented and mystifying conflicts of the good conflict. A wealth of private stories display the engineering, know-how and technology at the back of how this such a lot severe of battles used to be fought - and received. They converse of ways the tunnellers lived a constant lifestyles within the depths of the battlefield for nearly and a part years, enduring actual and psychological stresses that have been usually extra severe than their infantry opposite numbers. Their lives have been diminished to a posh warfare of silence, pressure and claustrophobia, best as much as the main dramatic mine offensive in heritage introduced on 7 June 1917 at Messines Ridge. but, Messines was once now not the tip in their tale, which persisted with the crafting of an entire underground global of headquarters, cookhouses and hospitals, housing the innumerable troops who undergone this a part of the Western entrance. right here, this remarkable, hidden international is printed and the delicate legacy it has left at the back of on Flanders fields is delivered to mild.
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Additional resources for Beneath Flanders Fields: The Tunnellers' War 1914-18
The awarding of this decoration to officers for feats of personal courage was approved by votes cast by soldiers of the relevant unit concerned, with their decision being confirmed by the commander of the division to which the unit was assigned. When the war ended, the disorganisation of the army and Bolshevist propaganda also affected the 1st BAG. On 5 December Podpolkovnik Kozakov, temporarily leading the 7th AD, which included his aviation group, was compelled to sign an order stopping all flights ‘in accordance with the decision of the Revolutionary Military Committee of the 7th AD’.
Every time Yanchenko attacked, his opponent made a steep turn, preventing the Russian pilot from getting him in his sights. After a 20-minute engagement the enemy pilot descended behind his own trenches and escaped. In September Yanchenko was transferred to the 32nd KAO, where he was assigned Nieuport 23 N3374. On the 8th of that month he took off to escort aircraft sent to photograph enemy positions. At an altitude of 55 CHAPTER THREE 56 5200 m (17,000 ft) to the west of Husiatyn he intercepted an enemy Albatros.
By then Kokorin was an experienced pilot, having mastered several types of aircraft. He was also regarded as an authority by his comrades-in-arms. In the spring of 1917 the 1st BAG commander, military pilot Shtabs-Rotmistr Alexander Kozakov, recommended him as an ‘excellent and fearless fighter pilot, capable of flying all aircraft types. A brave officer, he is well qualified in his field’. Kokorin soon justified his commander’s trust, shooting down a German aeroplane near Kozovo on 1 April 1917.