By Charles Sanford Terry
An excerpt from the Preface:
within the current quantity these of the Cantatas and Motetts are thought of.
the writer techniques the Chorals from the old instead of a classy viewpoint.
His item is to bare the foundation and authorship of the Hymns and Hymn melodies which, like jewels, beautify Bach's concerted Church song.
The melodies are revealed right here of their earliest shape and, the place attainable, Bach's diversifications of them are traced to an previous culture or attributed to himself In related demeanour, the textual content of his Hymn stanzas, as published via the Bachgesellschaft, has been collated with the originals in Philipp Wackernagel's Das deutsche Kirchenlied von der ältesten Zeit bis zu Anfang des XVII Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, five vols. 1864-77) or Albert Fischer and W. Tümpel's Das deutsche evangelische Kirchenlied des siebzehnten Jakrkunderts (Gütersloh, 1904-16). The few Hymns which aren't in these collections are marked with an asterisk within the following pages. the writer has now not had the chance to check their unique texts in other places.
For the aid of scholars and others the writer, at the first prevalence of each Choral melody, states the place Bach makes use of it in different places in his concerted Church tune and Organ works*. therefore, Bach's remedy of a selected music could be studied exhaustively.
on account that all yet the various Cantatas are released simply with German texts, it has appeared beneficial to supply an Appendix of translations of the Hymn stanzas, upwards of 2 hundred and fifty in quantity, which Bach makes use of within the Cantatas and Motetts. anywhere it truly is on hand, the textual content of Novello & Co.'s and Messrs J. & W. Chester's variations has been used, with the permission of the 2 businesses.
Six melodies that ensue within the "Passions" and Oratorios aren't present in the Cantatas or Motetts.
they're published in an Appendix. This quantity consequently comprises the entire Choral tunes utilized by Bach in his concerted Church track.
* The references all through are to Novello's version of Bach's Organ Works, Books xv-xix.
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Extra info for Bach’s Chorals. Part 2 : the hymns and hymn melodies of the cantatas and motetts.
Schwachheit auf a. Freude _. dich nicht, II. chap. ein neues are I. 1 See Spltta, j six ix; ich bin bei dir _, Schwettzer, II chap. xxxl; Party, S. Bach (New York, r9o9), ch. vu. 2 Psalms cxlix, i- 3; el. 2, 6. Spitta, n. 603, suggests that the Motett was composed for New Year's Day. :) Romans vii1. 26, 27. The Motett was composed for and performed at the funeral of the Leipzig Professor and Rector, Johann Heinrich Ernest1, October I6, I7_ 9. The concluding Whltsuntlde Choral is an addition and suggest_ that Bach made use of the Motett for that season, to which the original words are congruou, 4 The text of the Motett is Johann Flanck's Hymn, "Jesu, meme Frende" (see Cantata 64), and Romaus vui.
4 Text by Salomo Franck. See also No. 76. For a secular Cantata in praise of the Leipzig Town Council, see Spitta, II. 634. See also No. 69. s Psalm lxxv. I. 7 Psalm Lxxiv. i_. The See Wustmann, p. _95. s Psalm cxlvii, i_. g Psalm Ixv. L text probably is Bach's arrm_gement. 10 See Spitta, HI. 83 n. The score does not state the occasion for which the Cantata was composed. _l As its text shows, the Cantata was adapted by Bach for use on Trinity Sunday. 26 INTRODUCTION The Choral Cantatas So intimate is the association between the Cantata, as it developed in Bach's hands, and the congregational Hymns and Hymn melodies of the Lutheran Church, that the latter are absent only from twenty-two of the two hundred and six Cantatas 1.
15--22. G. St Luke x. Allein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ g, a. Du sollst Gott, deinen Herren, lieben 4, _. Ihr, die ihr euch yon Christo nennet 4, e. Fourteenth (E. Gal. v. I6-24. G. St Luke xvii. I I-I9). I7 Wer Dank opfert, der preiset reich4,7 25 Es ist nichts gesundes an meinem Leibe4,s. 78 Jesu, tier du meine Fifteenth 9(E. Gal. 24-34). 5I 99 i38 Seele_, 4. v. 25-26 , x. G. St Matt. vi. Jauehzet Gott in allen Landen 4, lO,11. Was Gott thut, das ist wohlgethan _, 4. Warum bet_bst du dieh, mein Herz _, 4.