AthleticEnhancement, Human Nature and Ethics: Threats and by Jan Tolleneer, Sigrid Sterckx, Pieter Bonte

By Jan Tolleneer, Sigrid Sterckx, Pieter Bonte

The e-book offers an in-depth dialogue at the human nature notion from various views and from diverse disciplines, examining its use within the doping debate and gaining knowledge of its normative overtones. The relation among usual expertise and more advantageous talents is scrutinized inside of a formal conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be obvious as an element of the athlete’s dehumanization or is it a device to meet his/her aspirations to move swifter, larger and more suitable? Which features make activities this sort of bizarre topic of moral dialogue and what are the, either intrinsic and extrinsic, ethical hazards and possibilities thinking about athletic enhancement? This quantity combines basic philosophical anthropological mirrored image with utilized ethics and socio-cultural and empirical ways. moreover guidance may be offered to choice- and policy-makers on neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees. Zooming in at the intrinsic factor of what's helpful approximately our homo sapiens organic , this quantity devotes purely scant consciousness to the categorical factor of average expertise and why such expertise is favored so otherwise than biotechnological origins of skill. moreover, particular features of activities corresponding to its aggressive nature and its direct show of physically prowess offer solid cause to unmarried out the difficulty of normal athletic expertise for sustained moral scrutiny.​

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Starting in the late 16 P. Bonte et al. 1970s, an increasing number of scientists argue that the Olympic project of Faster, Higher, Stronger was drawing to a close – that is, only medicine and biotechnology could procure (quite likely perilous) ways to breach the upper performance limits of the human body. According to Hoberman, medical professionals began such searches in earnest during the 1960s. The phenomenon of ‘celebrity sports physicians’ began to occur. These would at times be charismatic figures with ambiguous aims: on the one hand they were seeking ways to protect the athletes against increasingly high-risk levels of stress, while at the same time applying enhancement interventions to athletes to aid them in realizing epic performances.

Should man interfere with his own nature? Should all that is possible be allowed? These questions are becoming weightier and more urgent with the development of genetic modification, transgenic technology, bionic implants and brain/ computer interfaces (Smith 2005: 1). In Our posthuman future: consequences of the biotechnology revolution Fukuyama (2002) makes a plea that ethicists be attached to every scientist and for biotech innovations not only to be ethically supervised but also regulated and controlled on the international level.

From among these sports philosophers, Claudio Tamburrini (2005) even argues for the use of germline cell modification, and furthermore, seems to see no real danger there for personal autonomy. Biomedical scientists, including Eric Legius (2010) are inclined to make us think more realistically. They maintain that all the talk about somatic and in particular about germ-cell gene doping is premature in this respect, and that there is still a long way to go in genetics, and more especially in research into the link between genotype and phenotype.

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