Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould

By James W. Gould

There is a typical trust that till lately americans have most well liked isolation to curiosity in distant components reminiscent of Southeast Asia. This thesis should be established by way of studying the heritage of yank family with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the us. one of these land is Sumatra. it's one of many biggest islands on the earth. Its I66,789 sq. mile quarter exceeds that of the 3rd greatest American nation, California, and is bigger than Italy. mendacity midway worldwide from the us, its I050 mile size is nearly divided through the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. to start with, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This used to be proven in I942 while the U.S. stationed planes on Sumatra in an try and stem the japanese develop southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the jap usa. Sumatra's southern tip types one aspect of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be­ tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest course among the a long way East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.

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Sumatra: Economic and Commercial Survey, Trade Info. Bull. S. Dept. , I927), p. 6. S. Dept. , I927), pp. , Boomgewassen (Groningen: Wolters, I949), pp. IIo-I23; Rossiter, F. S. Dept. O. I946), pp. 54-60; Heyne, I, pp. I25-I27; Burkill, I, pp. 893-899. 79 80 INTERDEPENDENCE OF SUMATRA AND THE UNITED STATES 33 palm oil and palm oil cake, the residue of the pressing of the hulls. In the early 1920'S most of our imports of oil came in wooden casks. The first large shipments from Sumatra to the United States began in the second half of 1925 when it became possible to ship directly in bulk.

25, 1935, Congo Rec. 74 : I, p. 1000. S. F76/I : T 49), p. 39; also Foreign Affairs Committee, House Report 748, 74 : I, Apri123, 1935, and House Res. 7675, Congo Rec. 74 : I, p. 6257 to increase domestic production. 51 Knorr, K. , Tin under Control (Food Research Institute, Stanford University, Stan' ford, 1945), p. 245. 52 Knorr, op. , pp. 237-252. S. Dept. S. 1938, Vol. I, pp. 940-961; 1939, Vol. I, pp. 906-947, Vol. II, pp. 247-248, 257-258; 1940, Vol. II, pp. 288-300. 54 Knorr, pp. 179, 181-182; Allen, G.

Of kerosene and oil, more in a later chapter, but here we must relate the amazing story of the modern plantation industry and its relation to the United States. The first modern concession was obtained by a 26 year old Dutchman, Jacobus Nienhuys, on July 7, r863, on the Deli River near the present city of Medan, then an insignificant and unknown region of Sumatra. 65 He planted tobacco that year, and in the next was able to export some tobacco to Rotterdam, though not of good quality. In r865 Nienhuys grew and exported the first of the famous Deli leaf, still regarded as the finest tobacco for cigar wrappers.

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