Ageing and Employment Policies: Japan (Ageing and Employment by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

Publication through service provider for monetary Co-Operation and improvement

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Toutefois, ces directives autorisent de multiples dérogations. Il en résulte que, dans la pratique, les entreprises sont autorisées à fixer des limites d’âge pour les offres d’emploi. Par exemple, les entreprises où la retraite est obligatoire à un certain âge sont autorisées par la loi à fixer une limite d’âge pour le recrutement, si elles font valoir que le poste nécessite une longue formation. Ou bien les entreprises où il existe un système de rémunération à l’ancienneté bénéficient souvent de dérogations, si elles ne peuvent recruter une personne plus âgée à un salaire inférieur en raison de leur propre règlement.

2). However, Japan’s population is projected to age more rapidly than in most other OECD countries. Consequently, its old-age dependency ratio is projected to be the highest at more than 50% in 2025 and over 70% in 2050. 3. 44 The old-age and total dependency ratios are conventionally defined with respect to the population aged 15 to 64. However, in most OECD countries, teenagers aged 15 to 19 are more often than not still in school and so it was decided to exclude this group from the definition of the working-age population.

Other OECD countries, especially in Europe, have followed a similar pattern. In contrast, fertility rates have been rising gradually in the US since 1976. The low total fertility rate in Japan is projected to continue over the coming decades. The decline in fertility was accompanied by a sharp decline in mortality rates. 6 years for women. These are among the highest in the world. By 2050, it is projected that life expectancy at birth will 1. In fact, long-range projections by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (Population Projection for Japan 2002) suggest that Japan’s population may continue to decline through to 2100, by which time its population would be at the same level as it was in 1930.

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