African Governance Report 2005 by United Nations

By United Nations

The African Governance file is the results of large examine protecting governance practices in 27 African international locations. The findings have been subjected to a rigorous means of studies that concerned either nationwide and overseas specialists engaged on governance, political and fiscal concerns. The document is the 1st significant Africa-driven examine of its variety, which geared toward gauging extra empirically voters’ perceptions of the country of governance of their international locations, whereas selecting significant potential deficits in governance practices and associations and recommending most sensible practices and ideas to handle them.

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The principle of separation of powers is usually enunciated in a presidential system. Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gabon, The Gambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Uganda and Zimbabwe have the presidential system. The hallmark of the parliamentary system is a fusion of legislative and executive powers. The president has mostly ceremonial functions as head of state. 5 Structure of government Presidential Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Gabon The Gambia Source: National country reports 22 Political governance Malawi Mozambique Nigeria Uganda Zimbabwe Hybrid Botswana Chad Egypt Ghana Kenya Mali Namibia Niger Senegal South Africa Tanzania Zambia Parliamentary Ethiopia Lesotho Mauritius president usually appoints the prime minister from the party with the most seats in parliament.

Although regional administrations exist, they are not elected bodies but delegated field officials of the central authority. In Kenya the local authorities are at various levels: urban, town, municipal, city and county councils. Most of the local authorities are directly elected, with a small number appointed by the political parties represented in the local authorities. South Africa, with its quasi-federal system, has all the semblance of a federal polity. There are three layers of government, which the 1996 South African constitution affirms to be “distinctive, interdependent and interrelated” (chapter 3, section 40).

Apart from the fact the constitution affirms the equality of men and women, it prohibits discriminatory practises on the grounds of gender. Furthermore, certain affirmative action policies are in place to promote women’s interests. 2). A Law Reform and Development Commission was established, with a Women and Law Subcommittee. While women’s representation in the national executive and legislature is still low (23% of parliament), women constitute 46% of the Namibian civil service. Furthermore, a National Gender Policy requires the Department of Women’s Affairs to promote, co-ordinate, monitor and evaluate gender equality in all areas of public life in Namibia.

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