By J. Mangala
During the last decade, Africa’s middle of gravity in international politics has shifted from mere humanitarianism to a strategic view that posits the centrality of the continent as strength and normal assets provider, within the struggle opposed to terrorism and different safety threats, and within the globalization of tradition. along with those issues, this shift is reflective of 2 defining dynamics. On one hand, political and fiscal reforms have contributed to the expansion of democracy, an development within the fiscal outlook, and the strengthening of nearby governance. nevertheless, the continued diffusion of worldwide energy is surroundings the degree for a brand new overseas order during which Africa will more and more topic. This e-book probes the significance and importance of those advancements and their implications for Africa’s diplomacy.
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Extra resources for Africa and the New World Era: From Humanitarianism to a Strategic View
S. government supported the Afrikaner-based local ruling class and its apartheid system economically, politically, and militarily. This was because various American MNCs reaped tremendous profits from the slave-like labor of Africans who worked in the mining, industrial, and other sectors of the South African economy. 50 Subsequently, Lumumba was killed, and replaced by Mobutu Sese Seko, the quintessential autocrat, who served the interests of American imperialism in various ways. For example, the Mobutu regime created the enabling environment for American MNCs to plunder and pillage the reservoir of minerals.
In turn, capitalism needs to be replaced with a system based on fairness and social justice. -Africa relations is to promote the American imperial project. S. government uses to promote the interests of its ruling class. The core interest is the private accumulation of wealth by American bourgeoisies. In this vein, Africa’s vast natural resources, including oil and minerals, are coveted by the American ruling class. In order to facilitate the process of the private accumulation of capital on the part of the American bourgeoisies, the American government forges a patron-client relationship with various compradorial regimes on the continent.
Tom Farer, Confronting Global Terrorism and American Neo-Conservatism: The Framework of a Liberal Grand Strategy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 1. 18. Michael Parenti, Against Empire (San Francisco: City Lights, 1995), 1. 19. V. I. Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism (Newton, Australia: Resistance Books, 1999). 20. , Imperialism: Theoretical Directions (New York: Humanity Books, 2000), 11. 21. Atilio Boron, Empire and Imperialism (London: Zed Books, 2005), 3. 22. Cheryl Payer, Debt Trap: The IMF and the Third World (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974), 1.