By Nicholas Clayton
During this hugely readable ebook, Nicholas Clayton charts the whole heritage of the bicycle, a laptop that remains considered as the best technique of translating human strength into movement.
Covering approximately 2 hundred years of its improvement, the writer examines the technological advancements that experience resulted in the trendy bicycle, together with the hobby-horse, velocipede, boneshaker, tricycle, the pneumatic tire, shaft force, hub-gear, derailleur etc. He additionally appears to be like at changes in layout, even if for women' motorcycles or for recreation and off-road.The e-book is full of attention-grabbing info and anecdotes and the writer tackles such questions as why the penny farthing had one of these huge entrance wheel or the which means of trail-and-fork-offset.
As the bicycle keeps to develop in reputation, either as an environmentally pleasant commute resolution and for activities as diversified as triathlon and cyclo-sportive, this e-book offers you the entire solutions you would like approximately probably the most creative human innovations.
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Additional resources for A Short History of the Bicycle
1870 Turner advert for CMC bicycles. Note the single rear fork. Rowley Turner with CMC machine. THE SUSPENSION WHEEL If the wire wheel had not appeared when it did, the velocipede craze would surely have died out just as the draisine had done under the widespread bans of fifty years before. The boneshaker, although pedal-driven, was little faster and it became clear that only by gearing it up or enlarging the driving wheel could speed be improved. This desideratum was quickly acknowledged and several patents were taken out for geared bicycles.
James Carver of Nottingham took it to the ultimate with his New Hollow Spoke bicycle of 1877. Most makers in the 1880s fitted their premium models with tubular frames and forks and reserved the solid frame for the cheaper lines. The bicycle thus created a new demand for cold-drawn tube and the Mannesmann process of 1887 produced seamless tube from solid within seconds. By the 1890s the bicycle trade had given birth to a huge cold-drawn steel tube industry, large enough to provoke a tariff war with America during the bicycle boom.
Barring mechanical failure, such as the tyre leaving the rim, or misadventure like a dog running out, the practice was less dangerous than it might seem. In the event of misfortune the rider was at least propelled clear of the bicycle, rather than being centrifugally smashed into the roadway. Legs over, the best way to enjoy a descent. The Bicycle Union and then the National Cyclists Union erected over 4,500 ‘DANGER’ boards on steep or dangerous hills during the last decades of the century, and those not riddled with grape shot or saved by collectors may still occasionally be met with today.