A Short History of the Bicycle by Nicholas Clayton

By Nicholas Clayton

During this hugely readable ebook, Nicholas Clayton charts the whole heritage of the bicycle, a laptop that remains considered as the best technique of translating human strength into movement.

Covering approximately 2 hundred years of its improvement, the writer examines the technological advancements that experience resulted in the trendy bicycle, together with the hobby-horse, velocipede, boneshaker, tricycle, the pneumatic tire, shaft force, hub-gear, derailleur etc. He additionally appears to be like at changes in layout, even if for women' motorcycles or for recreation and off-road.The e-book is full of attention-grabbing info and anecdotes and the writer tackles such questions as why the penny farthing had one of these huge entrance wheel or the which means of trail-and-fork-offset.

As the bicycle keeps to develop in reputation, either as an environmentally pleasant commute resolution and for activities as diversified as triathlon and cyclo-sportive, this e-book offers you the entire solutions you would like approximately probably the most creative human innovations.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Short History of the Bicycle PDF

Best two hours or more books

Newborn Photography Made Easy

Do you need to benefit find out how to develop into a qualified child photographer? Well…now it truly is more uncomplicated than ever and this booklet will clarify precisely tips on how to get started…step by way of step! Lisa Voelker who has been photographing Newborns for over 12 years now, has written a e-book to give an explanation for every little thing you will need to understand to start.

The 50 Best Mediterranean Diet Recipes. Tasty, Fresh, and Easy to Make!

They're quickly. they're flavorful. and they are correct at your fingertips. The 50 most sensible Mediterranean nutrition Recipes is an appetizing number of scrumptious dishes to help you drop a few pounds with no sacrificing flavor. From Chickpea Rissoles to Braised pork with Onions, there is lots incorporated so that you can whip up pleasurable and engaging snacks and nutrients.

The next bend in the road

"In the USA this present day there isn't any lyric paintings extra compelling and good made than To the guts of the Earth," Allen Grossman wrote ten years in the past of Michael Fried's final selection of poetry. Fried's new booklet, the subsequent Bend within the street, is a powerfully coherent collecting of lyric and prose poems that has the inner scope of a singular with a number of characters, from the poet's spouse and daughter to Franz Kafka, Paul Cézanne, Osip Mandelstam, Sigmund Freud, Gisèle Lestrange, and so forth; transformative encounters with artistic endeavors, literature, and philosophy, together with Heinrich von Kleist's "The Earthquake in Chile," Giuseppe Ungaretti's "Veglia," and Edouard Manet's Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe; and, operating throughout the e-book from starting to finish, a haunted understanding of the entanglement of the noblest accomplishments and the main intimate joys with the horrors of contemporary background.

Additional resources for A Short History of the Bicycle

Example text

1870 Turner advert for CMC bicycles. Note the single rear fork. Rowley Turner with CMC machine. THE SUSPENSION WHEEL If the wire wheel had not appeared when it did, the velocipede craze would surely have died out just as the draisine had done under the widespread bans of fifty years before. The boneshaker, although pedal-driven, was little faster and it became clear that only by gearing it up or enlarging the driving wheel could speed be improved. This desideratum was quickly acknowledged and several patents were taken out for geared bicycles.

James Carver of Nottingham took it to the ultimate with his New Hollow Spoke bicycle of 1877. Most makers in the 1880s fitted their premium models with tubular frames and forks and reserved the solid frame for the cheaper lines. The bicycle thus created a new demand for cold-drawn tube and the Mannesmann process of 1887 produced seamless tube from solid within seconds. By the 1890s the bicycle trade had given birth to a huge cold-drawn steel tube industry, large enough to provoke a tariff war with America during the bicycle boom.

Barring mechanical failure, such as the tyre leaving the rim, or misadventure like a dog running out, the practice was less dangerous than it might seem. In the event of misfortune the rider was at least propelled clear of the bicycle, rather than being centrifugally smashed into the roadway. Legs over, the best way to enjoy a descent. The Bicycle Union and then the National Cyclists Union erected over 4,500 ‘DANGER’ boards on steep or dangerous hills during the last decades of the century, and those not riddled with grape shot or saved by collectors may still occasionally be met with today.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 19 votes