A Short History of Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to by Roger Scruton

By Roger Scruton

Become aware of for your self the pleasures of philosophy! Written either for the professional pupil of philosophy in addition to the final reader, the well known author Roger Scruton offers a survey of recent philosophy. continuously attractive, Scruton takes us on a desirable travel of the topic, from founding father Descartes to an important and recognized thinker of the 20th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein. He identifies the entire significant figures in addition to outlines of the most highbrow preoccupations that experience trained western philosophy. portray a portrait of contemporary philosophy that's brilliant and lively, Scruton introduces us to a couple of the best philosophical difficulties invented during this interval and pursued ever considering. together with fabric on contemporary debates, A brief background of recent Philosophy is already validated as the vintage creation. learn it and discover why.

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Additional resources for A Short History of Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to Wittgenstein (Routledge Classics)

Sample text

In an age marked by polite constraint and a salon culture carefully policed by the salonnières, Cynic attitudes of disrespect and the Cynic rhetoric of impudent and 23 The Cynic Enlightenment outspoken speech shimmered as an alluring alternative to polite conversation and conventional manners. Situated between the “conversible world” of salon culture, on the one hand, and polite conversation’s main rival, eloquence, on the other, Cynicism presented writers with a third possibility for defining an appropriate and effective language for voicing social criticism.

I propose to begin, then, with a brief biography of the proto-Cynic Diogenes as a first step toward outlining certain key principles of the Cynic movement. As befits the morally ambiguous figure of the Cynic, the legend of Diogenes begins with a crime of counterfeit money and the pronouncement of a mysterious oracle. Tradition holds that Diogenes of Sinope was exiled from his native city for falsifying coins, or for helping his father in such a business. 20–21). 71) and fashioning his life in accordance with the principle set for him by the oracle.

It demanded of its followers first and foremost that they change their manner of living and dedicate their lives to challenging their fellow human beings, whatever their rank or status. ”2 The new Diogenes motto reads Une pensée autre pour un monde autre, “a different way of thinking for a different world”: social change remains the horizon of the new Cynic’s intellectual labor, but he trusts, for political and epistemological reasons, in the trickle-down effect of 24 Taming Wild Dogs his thought rather than in the hammer blow of the proto-Cynic’s scandalously disruptive acts.

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