A Reference Grammar of Spoken Tamil (Reference Grammars) by Harold F. Schiffman

By Harold F. Schiffman

This can be a reference grammar of the traditional spoken number of Tamil, which differs considerably from the literary language. This booklet, a miles elevated model of the author's Grammar of Spoken Tamil (1979) is the 1st such grammar to comprise examples either in Tamil script and in transliteration, and is designed to be obtainable to scholars learning the trendy spoken language in any respect degrees in addition to to linguists and different experts. The publication has benefited from wide native-speaker enter and the author's personal lengthy event of educating Tamil to English-speakers.

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PHONETICS OF ST 17 the initial syllables of polysyllabic words, g) is not monophthongized, but the [i] element is lengthened, or followed by a glide [y]. g. g. followed by tense-markers, will change to [e]: aneu&G&tm 'I put, kept' will be vacceen or vecceen. Here the i element triggers palatalization of the g,g> to produce cc. The LT formflnuujflJTpayyan 'boy' is another form that retains a phonetic [ai], but only because of the [y] that follows it; we transliterate this as payyan rather than paiyan.

Followed by tense-markers, will change to [e]: aneu&G&tm 'I put, kept' will be vacceen or vecceen. Here the i element triggers palatalization of the g,g> to produce cc. The LT formflnuujflJTpayyan 'boy' is another form that retains a phonetic [ai], but only because of the [y] that follows it; we transliterate this as payyan rather than paiyan. A special note must be made of the phonetic qualities of the short e_ vowel when it occurs after the first syllable of a word, and in particular in final position.

6 Accusative Case The accusative case marks a noun as the 'object' or 'patient' of some action; it is the thing to which the action of the verb is applied or subjected. The marker for accusative is 67 e (LT g)). Inanimate nouns are not normally marked for accusative unless the speaker wishes to indicate a SPECIFIC or DEFINITE thing; this is similar to the function of the definite article in English (which Tamil otherwise lacks). Animate nouns, however, are always marked accusative when they are the objects of verbs.

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