By Ernest Drucker
Whilst Dr. John Snow first traced a pandemic of cholera to a water pump within the Soho district of London in 1854, the sphere of epidemiology was once born. Taking a similar public well-being methods and instruments that experience effectively tracked epidemics of flu, tuberculosis, and AIDS over the intervening 100 and fifty years, Ernest Drucker makes the case that our present extraordinary point of imprisonment has turn into an epidemic—a plague upon our physique politic.
Drucker, an the world over famous public overall healthiness student and Soros Justice Fellow, spent two decades treating drug habit and one other twenty learning AIDS in a few of the poorest neighborhoods of the South Bronx and around the world. He
compares mass incarceration to different, well-recognized epidemics utilizing uncomplicated public wellbeing and fitness strategies: “prevalence and incidence,” “outbreaks,” “contagion,” “transmission,” and “potential years of lifestyles lost.”
He argues that imprisonment—originally conceived as a reaction to individuals’ crimes—has turn into mass incarceration: a destabilizing strength that undermines the households and groups it pursuits, harmful the very social buildings that hinder crime.
Sure to impress debate, this e-book shifts the paradigm of the way we predict approximately punishment by way of demonstrating that our extraordinary premiums of incarceration have the contagious and self-perpetuating positive factors of the plagues of prior centuries.
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While Dr. John Snow first traced a scourge of cholera to a water pump within the Soho district of London in 1854, the sphere of epidemiology used to be born. Taking an identical public future health methods and instruments that experience effectively tracked epidemics of flu, tuberculosis, and AIDS over the intervening 100 and fifty years, Ernest Drucker makes the case that our present exceptional point of imprisonment has develop into an epidemic—a plague upon our physique politic.
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Extra resources for A Plague of Prisons: The Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America
2005;162:302–304. 33. STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Associations (STREGA). Ann Intern Med. February 3, 2009;150(3):206–215. 34. Ioannidis JPA, Gwinn M, Little J, et al. The Human Genome Epidemiology Network. A road map for efficient and reliable human genome epidemiology. Nat Genet. 2006;38:3–5. 35. Editorial. Embracing risk. Nat Genet. 2006;38:1. 36. Ioannidis JPA, Boffetta P, Little J, et al. Cumulative assessment of genetic associations: interim guidelines. Int J Epidemiol. 2008;37:120–132.
The current 454 instrument, the GS-FLX, produces an average read length of 250 bp per sample (per bead), with a combined throughput of ∼100 Mb of sequence data per 7-h run. By contrast, a single ABI 3730 programmed to sequence 24 × 96-well plates per day produces ∼440 kb of sequence data in 7 h, with an average read length of 650° bp per sample (9). The Illumina Genome Analyzer is based on the concept of “sequencing by synthesis” (Solexa® Sequencing technology) to produce sequence reads of ∼32–40 bp from tens of millions of surface-amplified DNA fragments simultaneously.
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